Metabolism of volatile compounds by microorganisms

by Thomas William Keenan

Written in English
Published: Pages: 103 Downloads: 720
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Edition Notes

Statementby Thomas William Keenan.
The Physical Object
Pagination103 leaves, bound :
Number of Pages103
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14276981M

electrons removed from organic compounds are transferred in sequence down an electron transport chain to an electron acceptor such as oxygen or another suitable compound, releasing energy in the process, in which energy is used to make ATP from ADP by making another phosphate glucose is an example. Most microorganisms are chemoheterotrophs.   This book addresses basic and applied aspects of two nexus points of microorganisms in agro-ecosystems, namely their functional role as bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides. Readers will find detailed information on all of the aspects that are required to make a microbe “agriculturally beneficial.” A healthy, balanced soil ecosystem provides a habitat for crops to grow without the need for.   Some microorganisms store certain compounds as granules within their cytoplasm, and the contents of these granules can be used for identification purposes. For example, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a carbon- and energy-storage compound found in some nonfluorescent bacteria of the genus : Anh-Hue Thi Tu, Nina Parker, Mark Schneegurt, Brian Forster, Philip Lister.   Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are produced by all microorganisms as part of their normal metabolism. The types and classes of VOC produced is wide, including fatty acids and their derivatives (e.g. hydrocarbons, aliphatic alcohols and ketones), aromatic compounds, nitrogen containing compounds, and volatile sulfur by:

Ideally, invading bacteria are detected as early as possible in critically ill patients: the strain of morbific pathogens is identified rapidly, and antimicrobial sensitivity is known well before the start of new antimicrobial therapy. Bacteria have a distinct metabolism, part of which results in the production of bacteria-specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which might be used for Cited by: Regardless of metabolism, the biosynthesis of VOCs occurs through the formation of pyruvate molecules and with the growth conditions of controlled and appropriate microalgae, photosynthetic microorganisms have the capacity to produce volatile compounds desirable with a pleasant perception : Pricila Nass Pinheiro, Karem Rodrigues Vieira, Andriéli Borges Santos, Eduardo Jacob-Lopes, Leila Qu. Progress Report: Aerobic Cometabolism of Chlorinated Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Compounds with Butane-Grown Microorganisms EPA Grant Number: RC Subproject: this is subproject number , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Metabolism of volatile compounds by microorganisms by Thomas William Keenan Download PDF EPUB FB2

Pharmacol Rev. Dec;25(4) Metabolism of foreign compounds by gastrointestinal microorganisms. Scheline RR. PMID: [Indexed for MEDLINE]Cited by: Metabolism of Volatile Compounds by Lactic Starter Culture Microorganisms.

A Review 1 T. KEENAN Food Sciences Institute, Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana and D. BILLS Department of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State University, Corvallis Abstract Cultured dairy products are accepted by the consumer primarily on the basis of by: Kennedy SI, Fewson CA.

Metabolism of mandelate and related compounds by bacterium NCIB J Gen Microbiol. Sep; 53 (2)– LEADBETTER ER, FOSTER JW. Oxidation products formed from gaseous alkanes by the bacterium Pseudomonas Cited by: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from building materials affected by microorganisms.

Manuscript submitted 4. Anna-Sara Claeson, Anders Östin and Anna-Lena Sunesson Development of a LC-MS/MS method for the analysis of volatile primary and secondary amines as NIT (naphthylisothiocyanate) derivatives. EPA/ October METABOLISM OF MERCURY COMPOUNDS IN MICROORGANISMS by Rita R, Colvell and John D.

Nelson, Jr. University of Maryland College Park, Maryland ^2 Grant No. Project Officer C. Hegre Environmental Research Laboratory Narragansett, Rhode Island U.S.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF. The microbial volatile organic compounds are a variety of volatile compounds produced by fungi, molds and bacteria during metabolism. By far, more than organic compounds have been identified as MVOCs comprised of alcohols, aldehydes, hydrocarbons, acids, ethers, esters, ketones, terpenoids, sulfur and nitrogen by: Abstract.

Within the past 5 to 10 years the number of publications on the metabolic fate of synthetic organic pesticides 1 has dramatically increased. Manufacturers of pesticides have recognized the importance of determining the characteristics of degradation and persistence for their products under both aerobic and anaerobic biological by:   PharmRev articles become freely available 12 months after publication, and remain freely available for 5 years.

Non-open access articles that fall outside this five year window are available only Metabolism of volatile compounds by microorganisms book institutional subscribers and current ASPET members, or through the article purchase feature at the bottom of the page.

Click here for information on institutional by:   In a FAME analysis, fatty acids are extracted from the membranes of microorganisms, chemically altered to form volatile methyl esters, and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC).

The resulting GC chromatogram is compared with reference chromatograms in a database containing data for thousands of bacterial isolates to identify the unknown. Production of Volatile Metabolites by Grape-Associated Microorganisms Article in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(14) July with 59 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Organofluorine compounds are accepted as substrates by many enzymes, and the interactions of microorganisms with these compounds are of relevance to the.

Volatile aroma compounds are very important to grape wine quality. In order to understand the flavor of wine, a multitude of scientific investigations was carried out and a number of appropriate analytical tools for flavor study were developed in the past few decades.

This chapter deals with major achievements reported in wine aroma and by: 2. Biosynthesis of volatile plant secondary metabolites and its interconnection with primary metabolism.

A relatively large group of plant natural products consists of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), lipophilic liquids with low molecular weight and high vapor pressure at ambient by: Microbial metabolism is the means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients (e.g.

carbon) it needs to live and es use many different types of metabolic strategies and species can often be differentiated from each other based on metabolic characteristics. The specific metabolic properties of a microbe are the major factors in determining that microbe's ecological niche.

Additionally, the volatile compounds released by strain ST–TJ4 can inhibit the mycelial growth of plant pathogenic fungi more than diffusible substances can. Based on volatile compound profiles of strain ST–TJ4 obtained from headspace collection and GC–MS/MS analysis, 1-undecene was identified.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been used to promote numerous benefits to plants. In this study, we evaluated the symbiosis between AMF species (Rhizophagus clarus, Claroideoglomus etunicatum) and Piper nigrum L.

‘Bragantina’. Volatile compounds, lipoxygenase (LOX) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activities, and total phenolic content were monitored from 1 to 60 Cited by: 1. IntrodctionA century of study of the process by which many organisms convert inorganic arsenic into an array of methylated metabolites has answered many questions and has posed some new ones.

The capacity of microorganisms to. form volatile arsenic compounds was first recognized in the 19th century (CuIlen, ).

This observation prompted Frederick Challenger and his colleagues to study. Microorganisms are able to produce a wide variety of volatile organic compounds.

This thesis deals with sampling, analysis and identification of such compounds, produced by microorganisms commonly found in buildings. The volatiles were sampled on adsorbents and analysed by thermal desorption cold.

All the living organisms including plants, animals, humans and microorganisms are possess plenty of natural chemicals that enables them to thrive in nature. These chemicals includes various enzymes, hormones, proteins and volatile compounds which plays important roles in various vital processes of the organisms including metabolism, nutrition, establishment and maintenance of the organisms in.

It is known that volatile emissions from some beneficial rhizosphere microorganisms promote plant growth. Here we show that volatile compounds (VCs) emitted by phylogenetically diverse rhizosphere and non‐rhizhosphere bacteria and fungi (including plant pathogens and microbes that do not normally interact mutualistically with plants) promote growth and flowering of various plant species Cited by: Therefore, the removal of these compounds from environment is an essential step for environmental sustainability.

Microbial remediation has emerged as an effective technology for degradation of these xenobiotic compounds as microorganisms have unique ability to utilize these compounds as their sole source of carbon and energy. Twelve bacterial strains belonging to eight taxonomic groups: Brevibacterium linens, Microbacterium foliorum, Arthrobacter arilaitensis, Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus equorum, Brachybacterium sp., Proteus vulgaris and Psychrobacter sp., isolated from different surface-ripened French cheeses, were investigated for their abilities to generate volatile aroma compounds.

Out of Cited by: Microbiology Activity #6 –Metabolism of Small Molecules. Analysis of Carbohydrate Metabolism Organisms that use CO2 as a carbon source and “fix” the carbon into biomass are autotrophs, usually obtaining their energy from light or from oxidizing inorganic molecules such as H2S or NO Bacterial volatiles play a significant role in promoting plant growth by regulating the synthesis or metabolism of phytohormones.

In vitro and growth chamber experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by the plant growth promoting rhizobacterium Bacillus subtilis strain SYST2 on hormone regulation and growth promotion in tomato by: Learn microbiology chapter 8 microbial metabolism with free interactive flashcards.

Choose from different sets of microbiology chapter 8 microbial metabolism flashcards on Quizlet. Read "Catabolism of volatile sulfur compounds precursors by Brevibacterium linens and Geotrichum candidum, two microorganisms of the cheese ecosystem, Journal of Biotechnology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

Identification of microorganisms based on headspace analysis of volatile organic compounds by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry A W Boots 1, A Smolinska 1,2, J J B N van Berkel 1, R R R Fijten 1, E E Stobberingh 3, M L L Boumans 3, E J Moonen 1, E F M Wouters 4, J W Dallinga 1 and F J Van Schooten 1.

@article{osti_, title = {Metabolism of methylated sulfur compounds in anoxic salt marsh sediments}, author = {Kiene, R.P.}, abstractNote = {Methionine and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) were identified as potential precursors of volatile organic sulfur compounds.

Microbial hydrolysis of sulfur-carbon linkages resulted in the liberation of methane thiol (MSH) and dimethyl sulfide (DMS. Book: Microbiology (Boundless) Anaerobic digestion is a complex biochemical process of mediated reactions undertaken by a consortium of microorganisms to convert organic compounds into methane and carbon dioxide.

hemicellulases, amylases, lipases and proteases). The hydrolyzed compounds are fermented into volatile fatty acids (acetate. EPA /R/ May BEHAVIOR AND DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN SOIL: A LITERATURE REVIEW by Marti Minnich Lockheed Environmental Systems & Technologies Company Kelly Johnson Drive Las Vegas, Nevada Contract No CO Work Assignment Manager Brian Schumacher Exposure Assessment Research Division.

Metabolism (/ m ə ˈ t æ b ə l ɪ z ə m /, from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical reactions in three main purposes of metabolism are: the conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes; the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates; and the elimination of.The ruminant and the rumen; the rumen bacteria; the rumen protozoa; the rumen anaerobic fungi; development of, and natural fluctuations in, rumen, microbial populations; energy yielding and consuming reactions; metabolism of nitrogen- containing compounds; polysaccharide degradation by rumen microorganisms;lipid metabolism of rumen, the genetics of rumen bacteria; microbe-microbe .Microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOCs) are produced in the metabolism of microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria.

They are formed during both the primary metabolism (from the synthesis of e.g. DNA and amino and fatty acids) and the secondary metabolism (from intermediates of .